Wednesday, May 20, 2020

The Cask Of Amontillado, By Edgar Allen Poe - 1110 Words

Often main characters lead to wrongful accusations and rash decisions. It serves as a metaphor to reality, where constant misjudgment of peers occurs. Disguises and changes of clothing are central to plots such as Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, The Mysterious Affairs at Styles, and The Cask of Amontillado. In JK Rowling’s Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, Quirrell a professor at Hogwarts disguises himself as a harmless individual while working for Voldemort. In the Mysterious Affairs at Styles by Agatha Christie, Emily Inglethorp is killed by her deceptive friend Evelyn Howard. The Cask of Amontillado, by Edgar Allen Poe, the narrator Montresor is seeking revenge and fakes the role of a loyal servant. These texts demonstrate how easily characters trust based on physical appearance. In Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, Quirrell, a professor at Hogwarts, hides behind false pretenses. He is hired by professor Dumbledore to teach defense against the dark arts. As Harry begins his first year at Hogwarts he begins to find himself in troublesome situations. Thus, leads Harry and his peers to learn about the stone that possesses the power to bring back Voldemort. They believe that someone in the castle is after it. However they have no suspicion of Quirrell’s involvement. His stammering speech portrays him as very timid man. The narrator sympathizes for him. Quirrell’s deceptive personality misleads Harry and the readers that Quirrell has nothing to doShow MoreRelatedThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allen Poe992 Words   |  4 PagesEdgar Allen Poe had many pieces of literature, but one in particular â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† reflected his personality. It is a short story that can be read easily, and can take on many ironies. The several ironies can point to the fact that Poe himself was implanted into the story as he was a mysterious man. There are several characters with different personalities often interpreted as Poe hiding his dark side which would be â€Å"Montresor†. The other personality Fortunato could be that drunken personalityRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allen Poe953 Words   |  4 Pagesseek revenge. â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† is a short story by the American poet, editor and story writer Edgar Allen Poe. This story is a tale of revenge touching on the darker sides of human nature and at what lengths a man will go to achieve vengeance. We are told by our narrator Montresor that he had been insulted by a wealthy wine connoisseur named Fortunato. Montresor picks him out of the carnival and lures him into his wine cellar with promise of a renown sherry wine, Amontillado. Fortunato is baitedRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allen Poe1052 Words   |  5 PagesEdgar Allen Poe was one of the most famed authors of death, decay, and depression in the 18th century. Poe started his writing career during the Romantic literature period, a period focused on nature, emotions, and a fascination with the supernatural elements. As writers started to write in this new genre, works started becoming dark, with an eerie feeling and a tone of death. Out of the Romantic era came the sub-classification of the Gothic genre. Poe started to embrace this new genre and his writingsRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allen Poe1204 Words   |  5 Pagesbest could, but when he ventured upon insult I vowed revenge† (Poe 1). This line draws the reader into the story by bringing up questions like, what insults could have been done to deserve such revenge? The uniqueness in the question itself is that it turns the table of a classic mystery or gothic story (Mcgarth). Instead of asking â€Å"who did it,† the question is, â€Å"why did he do it † (Baraban Motive for Murder in Cask of Amontillado ). Montresor uses Fortunato’s strengthens and turns them intoRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allen Poe851 Words   |  4 Pagesabout â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† Do hate someone, but act like they are your best friend to get something that you want from them? Edgar Allen Poe does in his story â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† as he uses Montresor to tell Fortunato’s journey to catacombs and how he â€Å"conceives and executes an ingenious plan... for revenging† Fortunato (Gruesser 129). In â€Å"The cask of Amontillado† Poe uses tone, plot devices, and the setting to present the theme of appearances masking reality. To begin, Poe uses one toRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allen Poe1025 Words   |  5 PagesJared Mourning English II Prof. Platt Thursday, March 3, 2016 Fortunato’s Misfortune In â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado,† Edgar Allen Poe issues a warning that even your closest friends can stab you in the back when you insult them in the right way. Poe perfectly portrays the way someone you think is your best friend could just as well be your biggest enemy. In â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† Edgar Allen Poe uses Montresor’s point of view, plot, and symbolism to convey the cold, merciless man who is MontresorRead More`` Cask Of Amontillado `` By Edgar Allen Poe1505 Words   |  7 PagesEdgar Allen Poe was a writer who sculpted every detail to create his desired â€Å"theme†. His short stories are mostly representing the murder of a character. The murderer, who is the narrator, explains the plan for the murder. The narrator destroys the humans around him through his destructive mind. The reason for the murder is revenge and hatred. In â€Å"Cask of Amontillado† and â€Å"The Tell-Tale Heart† Poe utilized â€Å"unreliable na rrators,† he even created similarities between murder and victim to establishRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allen Poe1492 Words   |  6 Pages McMullen 531-06 1 September 2014 Summer Reading The Cask of Amontillado In The Cask of Amontillado, by Edgar Allen Poe, Montressor is able to successfully manipulate Fortunato s arrogance and pride and use it against him as revenge. Montressor knows that Fortunato has a love for wine. Montressor tells Fortunato that he may have acquired Amontillado, a very nice wine. Montressor is not quite sure if the wine is Amontillado, but since Fotunato appears to be occupied Montressor saysRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allen Poe1723 Words   |  7 Pages Were Montresor’s action in The Cask of Amontillado justified? Is killing someone justifiable? In Edgar Allen Poe’s short story The Cask of Amontillado that question is one that could be asked. The short story is about a man named Montresor and his quest to get revenge on his foe Fourtando who has apparently insulted Montresor. Around the time of the carnival season Montresor leaves his house to go find Fourtando and get his revenge he tells none of his servants toRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado, By Edgar Allen Poe884 Words   |  4 PagesIn â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado,† by Edgar Allen Poe, one finds the horror throughout its pages. The ideas of unexplained revenge and images of scenes only getting darker and colder cause one to have feelings of dread and disbelief. The protagonist, Montresor, has waited fifty years to tell his story, and one has to question the reliability of what he is saying. Questions of true justice and the power of an insult arise, only magnifying those ideas of horror. In â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado ,† one sees a

Monday, May 18, 2020

Things Fall Apart Analysis - 1671 Words

Objective: In this paper I will discuss the text Things Fall Apart while analyzing the characters, events, and the historical relevance of the story. Also, I will summarize the story while expanding on the major themes of the book. Chinua Achebe’s novel, Things Fall Apart, is a tragic story about the rise and fall of Okonkwo. The story takes place in Umuofia, a cluster of villages in Niger during the 1890’s. the Umuofians are known for being a notorious war clan with many members, advanced social institutions, and phenomenal traditions. Chinua Achebe educated his readers throughout the novel by capitalizing on historical importance’s in Nigerian history, like when the Europeans invaded Niger as well as basic history about African culture†¦show more content†¦The two boys became very close and considered themselves to be real brothers. They were inseparable and did all their chores together. Nwoye was not the only one who became fond of the new addition t o the family, but Okonkwo has also grown to enjoy the boys company but tried not to show it so he would not be perceived as weak. Ikemefuna had the privilege of experiencing a very important celebration, The Week of Peace, in the village during his stay with Okonkwo. During this week there was supposed to be no negativity throughout the village. No one is to look down on anyone, speak harshly, or hurt anyone in any way. Okonkwo breaks the traditions of The Week of Peace when he attempts to shoot his youngest wife because she did not fix him dinner. He accepts the consequences but still does not really believe he has done anything wrong. Achebe shows the reader the gender roles present in the village through the way Okonkwo reacted. After this incident, the story began to pick up. Okonkwo’s second wife, Ekwefi, is introduced and we learn that she loves wrestling and her daughter Enzima. Okonkwo is also very fond of Enzima and tries his best to show her love . He does not treat her harshly like the boys because he does not want her to grow up strong like a man should. However, at times he does wish that she were a boy so he could treat her the way he treats his sons and have her work in the fields. At this point inShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Things Fall Apart 1817 Words   |  8 PagesCrystal Wu Ms. Johns Honors English 3-4 12 August, 2016 Things Fall Apart 1. Okonkwo endeavors to measure up to the traditional Igbo standards of masculinity, for which his culture highly regards and esteems. Epitomizing and personifying the ideal heroic qualities in the Igbo culture, an industrious Okonkwo experiences not only social but financial success which is driven and fueled by a passion of loathing â€Å"everything that his father Unoka had loved† (13). His idle, imprudent father owes nearlyRead MoreAnalysis Of Things Fall Apart 1027 Words   |  5 PagesFriends â€Å"Turning and turning in the widening gyre The falcon cannot hear the falconer; Things fall apart; the center cannot hold; Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world.† The author, Achebe, uses part of the poem â€Å"The Second Coming,† and hints at the turmoil that is intensifying as the community falls within the novel â€Å"Things Fall Apart.† (Yeats, 1) The African tribal system is beginning to have many cultural and tradition changes while at the same timeRead MoreCritical Analysis Of Things Fall Apart974 Words   |  4 PagesChinua Achebe published the fictional account Things Fall Apart in 1958. It was written to provide a new perspective on the African culture and the societies of the pre - colonial villages in Africa. He tried to dispel stereotypes and overshadow the writers who previously persuaded the world to shun Africa and its culture. Things Fall Apart told the story of the village of Umuofia over a period of many years and how they behaved and what happened with white foreign missionaries entered their livesRead MoreThings Fall Apart Character Analysis1071 Words   |  5 PagesIn life, we all have fears whether itâ⠂¬â„¢s spiders, darkness, or even death. In Things Fall Apart, we see the fears of many of the main characters being shown especially in Okonkwo. Okonkwo was not born into power and wealth and it was up to him whether he was going to make something out of his life. His choice was to disregard his father’s ways and work as hard as possible so that he can become one of the most powerful men in his village of Umuofia. His work ethic and passion for success drive himRead More Analysis of Things Fall Apart Essay875 Words   |  4 Pageswithin this area is Umuofia, which is where the Ogidi tribe lives. These people have beliefs that rest strongly on religion and faith in god. Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe takes a look at the life of an African tribe that has been isolated from the outer more technologically advanced world where science has become a part of religion proving that certain things live sickness are not caused by evil spirits. But the African tribe has no knowledge of this and they live in a society where there traditionsRead MoreAnalysis Of The Novel Things Fall Apart 1435 Words   |  6 Pages ‘’Things Fall Apart’’ novel tries to bring back up cultural, social as well as spiritual basics of traditional Igbo (Ibo) existence from the year 1850 and 1900. The novel cannot be fixed like truthful societal and political old times of Ibo society since it is a work of invented story. However, the novel describes disagreements and apprehensions in Igbo society. It also depicts changes initiated by colonial ruling and Christianity. The author mentions that European colonialism operates as a powerfulRead MoreThings Fall Apart Okonkwo Analysis735 Words   |  3 Pagestribal elder. This aphorism was respected by everyone in the community. People were not judged on by their fathers success. Because of this Okonkwo works hard to gain status and made it his goal in life to not be like his father. In the book Things Fall Apart b y Chinua Achebe Okonkwos actions were due to extreme belief in his village`s saying that if you worked hard you would be greatly rewarded. When Okonkwo was a young boy he grew up with a lazy father which he despises â€Å"In his day he was lazyRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of Things Fall Apart Themes1246 Words   |  5 PagesLiterary Analysis of Things Fall Apart Themes Masculinity â€Å"Okonkwo ruled his household with a heavy hand. His wives, especially the youngest, lived in perpetual fear of his fiery temper† (Achebe 13). Okonkwo is the definition of hypermasculinity. As someone who condemns all things feminine, he never learned how to express his feelings, leading to him lashing out in violence instead. It is important to note his treatment of the women in his life as well. Okonkwo’s poor, often times abusive relationshipRead MoreThings Fall Apart Music Analysis1270 Words   |  6 PagesHarmonic Tunes A person’s heartbeat changes to mimic the music they listen to. Different types of music portray an emotion or specific memory of an individual. Things Fall Apart, by Chinua Achebe is a story of pre-colonial times in the Niger villages. The protagonist’s, Okonkwo, ideals of masculinity are challenged by various forms of misfortune portrayed through the music in his community, Gbo. The music highlights the key points of Okonkwos village and culture as it looks ahead at the disintegrationRead MoreAnalysis Of The Novel Things Fall Apart 1100 Words   |  5 PagesChristine Kittrell Professor Harrington HUM 200: Contemporary Lit Culture 30 September 2014 American society vs. Umuofian society Values are beliefs, priorities, and or activities that people find importance in. In the 1959 novel â€Å"Things Fall Apart† written by Chinua Achebe, the concentration is on the nine Ibo-speaking villages of Umuofian, which means People of the Forest†. Umuofian is the village in which Okonkwo, the protagonist, thrives in everything and is able to secure his manly position

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The International Bank For Reconstruction And Development...

Research and find one project of the World Bank or the IMF that created problems for the nation that received its assistance. Describe the project and what the negative outcomes were. Explain whether or not you feel that the negative impacts could have been avoided? Why or why not? Further explain your opinions on whether you believe that international financial institutions such as these could consistently provide assistance in an objective, unbiased and responsible manner. Why or why not? If you do believe it is possible, then how could it be ensured? Your paper should be at least 500 words in length. ANSWER INTRODUCTION THE WORLD BANK or the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) were created in 1944 by leaders of the 44 nations at the Bretton Woods Conference. The Bank was responsible for financing long term productive investment in member countries while the IMF was to provide loans to overcome short-term balance of payments deficits. Western leaders feared an unregulated world market would mean a return to depression, poverty and another world war. At Bretton Woods (located in New Hampshire, U.S.), â€Å"the decisive factor was the reality of American power.† With much of Europe destroyed by the Second World War, the U.S. was economically the world’s most powerful country; thus a U.S. vision prevailed at the conference and the World Bank and the IMF were created along U.S. lines. Unlike the U.N. alsoShow MoreRelatedInternational Bank For Reconstruction And Development1442 Words   |  6 PagesThe World Bank was origina lly established in 1944 by 28 countries as the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development with the aim of assisting and financing public development projects. In 2015 the World Bank Group is an umbrella organization of five parts with 187 member countries. While the Bank remains the largest such institution in operation, there are now so many other similar institutions that there are four subcategories to describe them: Multilateral Development Banks (used to describeRead MoreInternational Bank For Reconstruction And Development1442 Words   |  6 PagesThe World Bank was originally established in 1944 by 28 countries as the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development with the aim of assisting and financing public development projects. In 2015 the World Bank Group is an umbrella organization of five parts with 187 member countries. While the Bank remains the largest such institution in operation, there are now so many other similar institutions that there are f our subcategories to describe them: Multilateral Development Banks (used to describeRead MoreThe International Bank For Reconstruction And Development1680 Words   |  7 PagesEconomy Assignment 1. Economists roles The World Bank is an independent organization, made up of five different Institutions managed by their member countries. These institutions are: 1. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development 2. The International Development Association 3. The International Finance Corporation 4. The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency 5. The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes The World Bank has two main goals that they aim to achieveRead MoreInternational Monetary Fund ( Imf ) And The International Bank For Reconstruction And Development Essay1649 Words   |  7 PagesIn the early 1980s, an economic crisis swept across Sub-Saharan Africa. In an effort to revitalize the region, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), more commonly known as the World Bank, adopted resolutions that worked to ensure almost all countries of the subregion instituted programmes of economic reconstruction, described as â€Å"structural adjustment programmes† (SAP). This paper analyzes the most recent outbreak of Ebola in WestRead MoreContracting Ethics in Government Acquisitions1315 Words   |  5 Pagesnot limited to contracts for acquiring goods and services ADDIN EN.CITE Weitzel20061127(Weitzel and Berns, 2006)1127112717Weitzel, UtzBerns, SjorsCross-Border Takeovers, Corruption, and Related Aspects of GovernanceJournal of International Business StudiesJournal of International Business Studies786-8063762006Palgrave Macmillan Journals00472506 HYPERLINK l _ENREF_4 o Weitzel, 2006 #1127 Weitzel and Berns, 2006). It is very important that the agencies do acquireRead MoreIbrd698 Words   |  3 PagesThe International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (I.B.R.D) better known as the World Bank was established at the same time as the International Monetary Fund to tackle the problem of International investment in 1944. Since the I.M.F was designed to provide temporary assistance in correcting balance of payments difficulties, there was need of an institution to assist long term investment purposes. Thus I.B.R.D was established for promoting long term investment loans on reasonable terms. TheRead MoreThe Stystem Developed in the The Bretton Woods Conference862 Words   |  3 Pagesinstitutions, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development [World Bank] and The International Monetary Fund (Stwenron, 1944). The conference set the standard of gold to $35.00 and selected the American dollar as the backbone of international exchange. The goal of the conference was to create a system through these financial institutes for economic co-operation and development leading to stable and robust global economy (International Monetary Fund, 2013). Role of World Bank: The ArticlesRead MoreThe International Monetary Fund And World Bank Group1644 Words   |  7 PagesThe International Monetary Fund and World Bank Group The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank have had enormous impact upon the world’s economies since their inception, after World War II. Although each of these organizations has a similar history, their role, objectives and funding are unique. These Washington DC-based organizations have drawn more than their share fair share of criticism as well as praise. Modern nations require thoroughly understand of these organizations. TheRead MoreWorld Bank Reconstruction Role During The Leste s Creating Problems1222 Words   |  5 PagesWorld Bank reconstruction role in Timor-Leste creating problems (REFERENCE: The World Bank came to Timor-Leste in 1999, when the UN was still planning the intervention mission. The lack of attention given by the UN Transitional Administration in East Timor to economic development allowed the Bank to assume a central role. After the end of mass violence, the Bank and Fund visited Timor-Leste and conducted a joint assessment mission. ThisRead MoreRoles of International Financial Institutions1173 Words   |  5 PagesRoles of International Financial Institutions Marcus Jenkins MGT448 January 10, 2011 Paul Bogert Introduction When listening to the latest television report concerning global business news or world economics, names of financial institutions such as World Bank, International Monetary Funds, and Asian Development Bank may be the center of some discussion. A major player on the global forefront, international financial institutions function much differently from local neighborhood

Chinua Achebes Okonkwo Essay Example For Students

Chinua Achebe?s: Okonkwo Essay Chinua Achebes, Things Fall Apart could be considered a modern-day epic as a result of its world-renowned recognition; eight million papers in print in fifty different languages. Achebes main character in the novel: Okonkwo compares to the heroic figure of Odysseus, in Homers epic The Iliad. Okonkwo embodies the early ideals, characteristics, and traditions of his people and/or nation. And through Achebes dignified literary style, and use of language-Okonkwo represents the concept of self and society, and of the culture class during Africas colonization by western philosophy. Okonkwo is introduced to the reader with a sense of urgency and importance in the opening sentence: Okonkwo was well know throughout the nine villages and even beyond. (Achebe 3) The reason was a result of him bringing honor to his village for being the fiercest wrestler when he was a younger man. Achebes physical description of Okonkwo is one of reverence, and could be used to describe many of the men in Umuofi a. He is large, and his facial structure makes him seem to wear an angry expression at all times. The fact that his three wives could hear him breath while he slept, even though they lived in separate houses creates a strong image. Okonkwo personality is that of quick to anger and prone to expressing his anger through his fists. One important quality of Okonkwo is his desire to be successful-he has no patience for men like his father who had taken no title and died heavily in debt. As a result of Okonkwos need for success comes his strength of working harder and longer than anyone else.In his village of Umuofia, men were recognized by there worth not by a patriarchal system. This is important for Okonkwo because he did not inherit a barn from his father, and was forced to borrow his first seed-yams from a rich man in the village. Yams were a sign of manliness in Umuofia, a man was considered great if he could feed his family on yams from one harvest to another. (Achebe 33) Yams required constant work and attention for an entire harvest, and Okonkwo reveled in the sowing of the yams. Achebe shows Okonkwos desire to work by explaining how he never became too overly enthusiastic over village feasts because it involved sitting for days, while Okonkwo would rather have been working. Working is a release for Okonkwo, and when there is no work to be done he would take is fury out on his familyIt was common in Umuofia for men with titles to have multiple wives and not only allowed but encouraged that husbands demonstrate their superiority by beating their wives. Okonkwo had no problem with ruling his wives with a strong fist as demonstrated when Okonkwo committed a great evil by breaking the Week of Peace (Achebe 29) because he beat his first wife for not returning early enough to cook his afternoon meal. Okonkwo would frequently beat his wives out of anger, and to set and example to his sons on how to control their woman-folk. In Umuofia, No matter how prosperous a man was, if he was unable to rule his women and his children (and especially his women) he was not really a man. (Achebe 53) This is not because the men in Umuofia were unconcerned with a womens well being, but because a man was expected to show his dominance over woman. Okonkwo has a genuine concern for his wives and the well being of his family. Okonkwos daughter Ezinma became sick one night and it was Okonkwo who was roused in the middle of the night to come to his wife Ekwefis aid. Achebe notes how Okonkwo selected the best pot from his bundle to prepare the medicinal trees and shrubs in. When the priestess comes to take Ezinma to the caves one night, and Ekwefi follows, Okonkwo goes to the caves after he believes a manly interval to pass. (Achebe 112) Okonkwo shows his concern by going multiple times that evening, and It was only on his fourth trip that he had found Ekwefi and by then he had become gravely worried. (Achebe 112) Okonkwo wanted his Fist son Nwoye to be a tough young man who would inherit his fathers farm when he passes. Okonkwo has no time for men like his father and wants to instill in his sons, the importance of being respected and revered by the village. Okonkwos biggest fear is failure in him-self, which would make him like his father. As a result of Okonkwos hard work, heavy hand, and fear of failure, he had become a wealthy farmer, with two barns full of yams (Achebe 8), and married three wives. He had even taken three titles and was a hero in two inter-tribal wars where he had killed five men in battle; he had taken the nickname Roaring Flame. (Achebe 153) And it was Okonkwo who represented Umuofia as an emissary of war. Okonkwo was not one to admit fault or show weakness to his neighbors. When the village of Umuofia ordered Okonkwo to give up Ikemefuna, his adopted son, because he must be killed-Okonkwo abides. He even ends up taking part in the killing process, He heard Ikemefuna cry, My father, they have killed me! Okonkwo drew his machete and cut him down. He was afraid of being thought weak. (Achebe 61) But it isnt failure that forces Okonkwo to flee the clan, but an accidental explosion of his gun that pierces a sixteen-year-old boys heart. Okonkwos desire was to become one of the lords of his clan. Now he was forced to start over in a land where he was exiled for a sente nce of seven years. It was no fault of his, but Okonkwo had failed, and with this brought despair. While in exile, Okonkwos first son Nwoye had joined the white missionaries and as a result Okonkwo didnt consider him his son anymore. This greatly worried Okonkwo not because of his sons behavior, but of the idea that all of his sons might abandon their ancestors. This scared Okonkwo and shows him humility because no matter how mad or how heavy the beating he could admonish, nothing would come of it. Achebe writes, And immediately Okonkwos eyes were opened and he saw the whole matter clearly. Living fire begets cold, impotent ash. (Achebe 153)When Okonkwo returns to his village of Umuofia after his seven years in exile, he understands he has lost his place in the clan. But he is not prepared for the influx of the white man. The albino (Achebe 138) as Okonkwo called them, brought not only the church, but also their own form of government. Many in Umuofia joined the new church, and even a man with two titles had joined the Christians. Okonkwo was upset over what had happened to his clan, and was worried if they had lost their fight. Okonkwo realizes that the white men were threatening the foundation of his people, and they were crumbling. On the inside Okonkwo was grieving, not so much of a personal grief, but he mourned for his clan. Achebe writes, he mourned for the warlike men of Umuofia, who had so unaccountably become soft like women. (Achebe 183) When the District Commissioner captures Okonkwo and five other leaders of Umuofia by tricking them into a meeting, Okonkwo becomes full of hate. This bitterness in his heart results in him killing one of the messengers of the District Commissioner. Okonkwo is destroyed, his personal life and his clan had been taken over by the white man, and the other clansmen had lost their will to fight. Okonkwos only choice was suicide; he died in the same manner of his father-without a burial from his fellow clansman. Okonkwo em bodied a culture that has long been forgotten, and largely been fictionalized in early western literature. Achebe offers a more factual account of a once proud culture that has suffered as a result of the injustices of western colonization. Okonkwo represents the proud history of Africa, and how contrary to Western prejudices his people had something to offer the world. Okonkwo wasnt without his flaws, but more importantly he was a proud man who was devoted to his family and even more so to the clan. But when confronted with a new culture that threatens the things that hold Okonkwos culture together, he becomes demoralized. He realizes that his clan was falling apart as a result of the white men, and that he would rather take his own self rather than live in this new society. Work CitedAchebe, Chinua. Things Fall Apart. New York: Doubleda

Triple bottom line sustainable constructionâ€Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Triple Bottom Line Sustainable Construction? Answer: Introduction Triple bottom lines approach has evolved with an intention to augment the cause of making use of sustainability practices in the organizations. Triple bottom lines approach proposed an accounting system to measure the environmental and social dimensions of the organizational performance. The key discussion of the triple bottom lines will lie along the discussion on the results of the investment in the context of the three dimensions of planet, people and the profits. TBL accounting practices have gathered ground in all types of operational sectors which include for profit, non-profit as well as governmental sectors. The frame work of TBL and the evaluation of the frame work of the same to estimate the performance in enabling sustainable construction makes up important part of the discussion. There is also discussion provided to present the concept of TBL and its use for organizations particularly in the construction domain (Hall, 2011, p.4). Discussion: TBL is a framework meant for guiding the organizational consistency and commitment for sustainability. It does have relevance in sustainable construction and the sustainable development as well. The elements of TBL., Social, environmental and financial domains will get integrated in the framework of TBL. TBL is often indicated with naming of three Ps, People, planet and profits. Andrew Savitz (2013) indicated that TBL will work on estimate the organizational operation by measuring its impact on the people, profit and the share holders value as well on the environmental foot print of the operations. TBL consists in not just defining the said dimensions; rather it will attempt to measure the proposed dimensions. Sustainability in construction industry works on to integrate diverse stakeholders into the process. Ultimate objective of sustainability promotion in the construction industry will consist in three main aspects, meeting the environmental challenges, responding to the social an d cultural demands and delivering the economic improvement. When all these TBL elements are met, the organization can be said to be working with sustainability. The ultimate objectives of the sustainable construction will be naturally to deliver long term affordability, quality in the construction work, efficiency in the construction work as well providing value to the clients and the users. In the same scenario, the sustainable construction is expected to decrease the unwanted impacts on the environment. All these attempts are finally expected to increase the economic sustainability. A comprehensive integration of numerous stakeholders like institutions who are aware of the risks and ambiguities will provide information and necessary information to execute the objectives etc, all will work to realize sustainable construction (Elkington, 1997, p.73). UNEP defined sustainable construction to have the following characteristics, Sustainable considerations and legislations should have been taken in the construction legislation and the standards employed, Environmental issues would have been considered both in short and long term construction of the buildings. Policies and the incentives available from the government to promote the sustainable construction would have been included in the construction. All stakeholders would have been informed of the sustainability regulations and they would have considered the same in the construction practices. Relation between TBL and sustainable construction: Sustainable construction works on to explain how the usage of sustainable practice improvements are applicable to the construction industry (Singh, 2009, p.285). TBL will enable the sustainable construction occurring in the construction to meet with the broad objectives of social progress, development of the high and stable levels of growth and employment, protecting, enhancing the society value, using the natural resources diligently (Sitnikov,2013,P.2560). TBL will emphasizes the three broad themes of the sustainable construction viz., environment, social and economic accountability. TBL emphasizes the core balanced approach of the sustainable construction (Henriques, 2013, P.2560). TBL proposes and guides the sustainable construction to be inline with a balanced approach (Kibert, 2016). TBL significance in Sustainable development: Sustainable development is defined by various entities in different formats. One of the popular definition of the same include sustainable development as a particular development process where in the current generations can meet their requirements without actual compromising the capacity of the future generations to meet the aspirations. TBL is a versatile tool to accomplish sustainable development in the contemporary world. TBL enabled the expansion of the convention reporting system to take into higher levels of social and environmental performance aspects. TBL invariably will let the stakeholders become part of the sustainable development initiatives of the organizations. More specifically speaking, TBL will enable the top level involvement of the organizational management in sustainable development initiatives, it works on to implement the policy investments in the organizational financial operations, TBL enables the programs to be developed and executed according to the interest s of the sustainable development practices, works on to sign the voluntary standards and facilitates the enforcement of the same, Develops key principles guiding sustainable development. Finally TBL will work a key role in reporting, makes use of the facilities in enabling Global Reporting initiatives. Sustainable development is a wide concept and will work on with any industry and organization in general with having interferences with the environment, social and financial aspects (Smith, 2011, p.75). Significance of TBL in sustainable construction: Accountability, measurability and benchmarking of the sustainability in the construction industry are enabled only with the use of Triple bottom line approach in the construction industry. TBL will work on to enable all these factors of the construction industry (Singh, 2012, P.290). The 3 Ps proposed by TBL for the construction industry does not have a common measuring unit and hence the measurement of the same is a challenge and yet TBL enabled to measure the same (Pitt, 2009, p.210). TBL do not have common measures proposed for calculating the relative indexing of different factors however still the framework proposed by TBL is quite general and it will have all the characteristics needed for different entities of the system. TBL thus making the complex measuring operations enabled for the organization, at the same time the TBL will also versatile and is equally applicable for both the big and small projects of the organizations equally. The impact of the particular project will b e measured irrespective of the region selected, whether it is small or big. TBL proposed a range of economic measures, social measures and environmental measures for the organization and in turn they enabled the organizational sustainability measurement, benchmarking as well as comparison. TBL has no standardized indicators for its operations, however still the indicators and the factors of the TBL are more flexible and can be customized for a range of operations in general. In any case TBL is versatile and can be applied for a range of organizations irrespective of their operational structures like govt, non-govt, profit oriented as well as non-profit-oriented etc. In any case the proposed principles of the organization are more generalized and they do have capabilities to meet the sustainability practice vision and mission. Broadly speaking TBL will enable the sustainable construction to consider the accountability in the three stated Ps framework, measure the proposals as well wi ll work to benchmark the progression in the three Ps framework(Bal,2013,P.697). Sustainable reporting (Goel, 2010) of a multinational company using - Global reporting initiatives: Organization: Bechtel is a multinational construction company committed for sustainable development and the organization is headquartered in California. The GRI of the company is evaluated and presented in the current report (Bechtel. n.d). Organizational strategy: Bechtel is strategically committed to help its customers delivering its promise and more. Bechtel works on to help the premises and will conserve all the resources, works on to support the local communities and also is instrumental in creation of the new jobs and improve the economies. Another key strategic element of theorganization is the fact that it is not motivated to be the largest EPC rather determined to be the best. Typical considerations of the company consist in anticipating the trends, aligning our expertise with the customer needs and transform the organizational delivery and the building progress and breaking new ground and benchmarks in every activity Bechtel undertake. Organizational Profile: Bechtel operations are spanned in about 160 countries world wide as of now. AS of latest statistics the company revenues are more than $38 billion per year. Total employee strength of the company is about 58,000. Total number of the projects the company worked till recent years is more than 25,000. Reporting parameters: G4 GRI is employed in the report produced by the organization. Reported parameters in the report include total recordable incident rates (TRIR) in the safety domain, total number of incidents and comparison with the past data, Total lost time incident rate (LTIR), other parameters in this domain include safe work hours. In social domain, diversity parameters are reported in the sustainability reporting of Bechtel, the new chapters inclusion rate made up some of the reported elements of the company. The percentage of the regional work force in each of the financial year is reported in the reports. In economic front the sustainability report included the reporting of procurement and contractual awards for the company. On environmental front the organization reported carbon foot prints in terms of the percentage of Co2 emissions equivalent in the report for each of the previous five years of its operations in global perspective. Also carbon emissions are indicated in terms of intensity of the Co2 eq emissions per billion of USD revenues. As part of the reporting structure the elements of the reduction shown in terms of the fall in the Co2 emissions and the rate is indicated. Governance, commitment and engagements: Bechtel management is committed to ethics and is uncompromising in collaborating on integrity, honesty and fairness. The organization is relentless in keeping people safe from harm and committed to provided health work environment. Excellence in the work and commitment to quality of work makes up important aspects of the organizational commitment. Bechtel is guided by inspiration with importance of work, challenging and developing opportunities, working to become employer of choice. Further organization is committed to demonstrate integrity, committed to be respectful, collaborate and working to deliver high aspirations and always look forward to learn, do and share. Cultural tolerance and nurturing a proud legacy is the core philosophy of the organization. Engaged to enforce environmental safety, operational safety, minimizing the carbon foot print and working towards more environmentally friendly operational framework makes up the organizational engagement and vision. Management approach: Management of the organization is committed for the organizational commitment towards integration of the sustainability into its way of work. The key elements of the approach of the organization consist in its commitment, that no matter whatever may be the scale of the work, the organizational commitment will remain the same. The focus will be towards protecting the people and the environment. Further the organization is committed to promote the local economic development. Other important approaches of the management lie in partnering with the local communities and societies during the projects. Typical focus areas include addressing the water scarcity, finding new pathways to energy security as well working out to support the urbanization. The details mentioned in the report are done in accordance with the G4 GRI guidelines of write-up. Issues in making up the reports: Reporting sustainability will increase with the increase in the complexity of the operations of the organization. More complex are the organizational functionalities more complex will be identification and reporting of the bottom lines. The key challenges lies in bringing up a bottom line with common benchmarking as well making up a versatile measuring system for variety of factors indicated for organizational operational framework. Further collection of the information from vast data bases particularly for large organizations and synthesizing the same will make up a big challenge for the organizations. Conclusion: 3BL or TBL makes up a perfect supporting framework for sustainable development in general and for sustainable construction industry practices in specific. The successful sustainable construction practice needs commitment from all the stakeholders of the organization as well will requires coherent operational plans from all corners of the organizational operational framework. The current discussion provided an introduction and conceptual presentation of TBL in the context of sustainable construction and finally there is exhaustive presentation of TBL significance in sustainable construction and GRI reporting. The sample sustainability report of Bechtel Company is also suitable discussed to emphasize the frame work of TBL as employed for sustainable construction practices References: Bal, M., Bryde, D., Fearon, D. and Ochieng, E., 2013. Stakeholder engagement: Achieving sustainability in the construction sector.Sustainability,5(2), pp.695-710. Elkington, J., 1997. Cannibals with forks.The triple bottom line of 21st century, p.73. Goel, P., 2010. Triple Bottom Line Reporting: An Analytical Approach for Corporate Sustainability.Journal of Finance, Accounting Management,1(1). Hall, T.J., 2011. The triple bottom line: what is it and how does it work?Indiana business review,86(1), p.4. Henriques, A. and Richardson, J. eds., 2013.The triple bottom line: Does it all add up. Routledge. Kibert, C.J., 2016.Sustainable construction: green building design and delivery. John Wiley Sons. Pitt, M., Tucker, M., Riley, M. and Longden, J., 2009. Towards sustainable construction: promotion and best practices.Construction innovation,9(2), pp.201-224. Savitz, A., 2013.The triple bottom line: how today's best-run coReferences:mpanies are achieving economic, social and environmental success-and how you can too. John Wiley Sons. Singh, R.K., Murty, H.R., Gupta, S.K. and Dikshit, A.K., 2012. An overview of sustainability assessment methodologies.Ecological Indicators,15(1), pp.281-299. Sitnikov, C.S., 2013. Triple Bottom Line. InEncyclopedia of Corporate Social Responsibility(pp. 2558-2564). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Smith, P.A. and Sharicz, C., 2011. The shift needed for sustainability.The Learning Organization,18(1), pp.73-86. Bechtel., n.d. [Online] Available at:

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Title Argumentative Essay Example For Students

Title Argumentative Essay PietaArtistMichelangeloDate 1498-1500MediumMarble Location Saint Peters BasilicaMichelangelos Life and WorksMichelangelo was born on March 6, 1475 in Caprese, Italy. He workedas a painter, sculptor, architect, and poet until he was almost ninety. Asa student he studied the Bible, and used the stories and people in it forhis painting and sculptures. He was one of the most important artists ofthe Italian Renaissance, a period when the arts and sciencesflourished.(Michelangelo) At the age of twelve he became an apprentice toa prominent painter, but soon began to study sculptures instead. Somewherebetween 1496 and 1501 Michelangelo was in Rome creating the Bacchus andthe Pieta. The Bacchus was one of the few pagan works thatMichelangelo created. The Pieta was Michelangelos vision of Madonna andChrist, and one of his most famous works of art. Mary being presented aspeaceful and the realistic structures makes it a good example ofRenaissance art. Between 1501 and 1504 Michelangelo began and completedthe sculpture David. We will write a custom essay on Title Argumentative specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Somewhere between 1505 and 1508 he was called by Pope Julius II tomake a tomb for the Pope. Somewhere between 1508-1512 he painted theceiling of the Sistine Chapel with the stories of the book of Geniuses. The story of Creation that the ceiling spells out is far from simple,partly because Michelangelo was an exceedingly complicated man, partlybecause he dwells here on profundities of theology that most people need tospelt out for them, and partly because he has balanced his biblical themesand events with giant ingnudi.(WebMuseum) Scholars debate whether hehad any guidance from the Church in the selection of the scenes, and whatmeaning the scenes were to convey. (Michelangelo) Late in 1533,Michelangelo settled in Rome and painted the The Last Judgement on thealter wall of the Sistine Chapel. It was the largest painting of his time. Michelangelo was made chief architecture of St. Peters Basilica in1546. He created the Saint Peters Basilica, which was one of his bestachievements. It became a model dome for domes all over the world. He didtwo Frescoes in the Pauline Chapel in 1550 The conversion of Paul andThe Crucifixion of Peter. He died on February 18, 1564 before he couldcomplete his third Pieta.SubjectThe youthful Mary is sitting holding the dead Christ acrossed herlap. Mary appears to be very sadden which of course we would expect. Composition

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

The Carbon Chemistry and Crystal Structure of Diamonds

The Carbon Chemistry and Crystal Structure of Diamonds The word diamond is derived from the Greek word adamao, meaning I tame or I subdue or the related word adamas, which means hardest steel or hardest substance. Everyone knows diamonds are hard and beautiful, but did you know a diamond could be the oldest material you might own? While the rock in which diamonds are found may be 50 to 1,600 million years old, the diamonds themselves are approximately 3.3 billion years old. This discrepancy comes from the fact that the volcanic magma that solidifies into rock, where diamonds are found did not create them, but only transported the diamonds from the Earths mantle to the surface. Diamonds also may form under the high pressures and temperatures at the site of meteorite impacts. The diamonds formed during an impact may be relatively young, but some meteorites contain stardust - debris from the death of a star - which may include diamond crystals. One such meteorite is known to contain tiny diamonds over 5 billion years old. These diamonds are older than our solar system. Start with Carbon Understanding the chemistry of a diamond requires a basic knowledge of the element carbon. A neutral carbon atom has six protons and six neutrons in its nucleus, balanced by six electrons. The electron shell configuration of carbon is 1s22s22p2. Carbon has a valence of ​four since four electrons can be accepted to fill the 2p orbital. Diamond is made up of repeating units of carbon atoms joined to four other carbon atoms via the strongest chemical linkage, covalent bonds. Each carbon atom is in a rigid tetrahedral network where it is equidistant from its neighboring carbon atoms. The structural unit of diamond consists of eight atoms, fundamentally arranged in a cube. This network is very stable and rigid, which is why diamonds are so very hard and have a high melting point. Virtually all carbon on Earth comes from the stars. Studying the isotopic ratio of the carbon in a diamond makes it possible to trace the history of the carbon. For example, at the earths surface, the ratio of isotopes carbon-12 and carbon-13 is slightly different from that of stardust. Also, certain biological processes actively sort carbon isotopes according to mass, so the isotopic ratio of carbon that has been in living things is different from that of the Earth or the stars. Therefore, it is known that the carbon for most natural diamonds comes most recently from the mantle, but the carbon for a few diamonds is the recycled carbon of microorganisms, formed into diamonds by the earths crust via plate tectonics. Some minute diamonds that are generated by meteorites are from carbon available at the site of impact; some diamond crystals within meteorites are still fresh from the stars. Crystal Structure The crystal structure of a diamond is a face-centered cubic or FCC lattice. Each carbon atom joins four other carbon atoms in regular tetrahedrons (triangular prisms). Based on the cubic form and its highly symmetrical arrangement of atoms, diamond crystals can develop into several different shapes, known as crystal habits. The most common crystal habit is the eight-sided octahedron or diamond shape. Diamond crystals can also form cubes, dodecahedra, and combinations of these shapes. Except for two shape classes, these structures are manifestations of the cubic crystal system. One exception is the flat form called a macle, which is really a composite crystal, and the other exception is the class of etched crystals, which have rounded surfaces and may have elongated shapes. Real diamond crystals dont have completely smooth faces but may have raised or indented triangular growths called trigons. Diamonds have perfect cleavage in four different directions, meaning a diamond will separat e neatly along these directions rather than break in a jagged manner. The lines of cleavage result from the diamond crystal having fewer chemical bonds along the plane of its octahedral face than in other directions. Diamond cutters take advantage of lines of cleavage to facet gemstones. Graphite is only a few electron volts more stable than diamond, but the activation barrier for conversion requires almost as much energy as destroying the entire lattice and rebuilding it. Therefore, once the diamond is formed, it will not reconvert back to graphite because the barrier is too high. Diamonds are said to be metastable since they are kinetically rather than thermodynamically stable. Under the high pressure and temperature conditions needed to form a diamond, its form is actually more stable than graphite, and so over millions of years, carbonaceous deposits may slowly crystallize into diamonds.